Hemodialysis is the most common way to treat advanced kidney failure. The procedure can help you carry on an active life despite failing kidneys. Hemodialysis requires you to follow a strict treatment schedule, take medications regularly and, usually, make changes in your diet.
More than 3 million US cases per year
Usually hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 180/120.
High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke.
Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly, and taking medications can help lower blood pressure.
Dialysis is a treatment that does some of the things done by healthy kidneys. It is needed when your own kidneys can no longer take care of your body's needs.
More than 200,000 US cases per year
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don't cause permanent damage.
The most common symptom is severe pain, usually in the side of the abdomen, that's often associated with nausea.
Treatment includes pain relievers and drinking lots of water to help pass the stone. Medical procedures may be needed to remove or break up larger stones.
Chronic kidney disease, often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, is the gradual loss of kidney function. Early detection and treatment can help.
Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.
Approximately 2 litres of dialysis fluid is infused into the abdomen through a special tube called a PD catheter. This process is called ’infusion’. The cleaning process uses the membrane in your abdomen as a natural filter. Waste products and excess water are removed from your body into the dialysis fluid through the peritoneal membrane. This process is called ’dwell time’. After 4-12 hours, this fluid is drained from your abdomen in a process named ‘drainage’, which takes about 20-30 minutes. After that, new sterile fluid is instilled into your abdomen and the process starts all over again. This process of draining out the old fluid and instilling new fluid is called an ‘exchange’ and is done mainly by gravity. Except for the time spent during these exchanges — on average 30-40 minutes, 3-5 times a day — the rest of the day you are free to do whatever you want (e.g. work, study or even travel).